Trailer õ Wilhelm Tell PDF by Ñ Friedrich Schiller adbam.co.uk
Trailer õ Wilhelm Tell PDF by Ñ Friedrich Schiller Reviewing in English for consistency with my stream. Friends of ours recently took my wife and I, plus mother, for a cruise on the Vierwaldst ttersee and a baptism as Swiss by choice We saw the Tellstein from the steamer, the stone to which Tell is reputed to have jumped before force marching round a local alp to ambush and shoot down Gessler It seemed a good time to read this No one is really sure how much of the Tell story is based in reality I have heard it said that no one can say whether Tell lived or not the only thing we can assert with certainty is that he shot Gessler That s good enough for me At any rate, at some stage the Cantons began to combine forces and to resist Habsburg domination in an organised fashion, and Switzerland as a nation gradually accreted around the few men who swore that defensive pact by the lake, often fighting one another but coming together reliably to defend their collective What we can say with complete certainty is that Schiller, a German Enlightenment philosophe with a political axe to sharpen, has profoundly shaped how Europeans and even the Swiss understand the foundation of their Republic Schiller was taking a shot of his own at tyranny, and for this he deserves our ear. It helps that Schiller writes so beautifully Like Shakespeare, he writes in verse, and that is not for everybody His German is slightly archaic, but much easier than I had anticipated and quite accessible to a good advanced foreign student or reasonably fluent ex pat For me, the prose just flows, and the book shoots past, leaving a little hum of excitement This is deservedly a literary classic, and at the same time an important work of the Enlightenment, deserving of attention. I really should re read all of those German classics that my teachers forced on me over the years Because I kept none of them in good memory D ISBN Was Later Reused For Wilhelm TellDas Erschienene Und In Weimar Unter Der Regie Von Johann Wolfgang Goethe Uraufgef Hrte Blankvers Drama Wilhelm Tell War Friedrich Schillers Letztes Und Lange Zeit Erfolgreichstes St Ck Das Geschichtsdrama Spielt Um In Der Schweiz Und Behandelt Den Freiheitskampf Der Urkantone Der Berzeugte Einzelk Mpfer Wilhelm Tell Wird Wider Willen, Aber Im Eigenen Interesse Zum Tyrannenm Rder, Volkshelden Und Mitbegr Nder Einen Freien Gesellschaftsordnung Als National Oder Freiheitsdrama Erlebte Schillers Wilhelm Tell Eine Bewegte Auff Hrungsgeschichte Bis Zum Verbot Durch Die Nationalsozialisten Im Jahr Late 15th century, Switzerland. Wilhelm Tell is a local folk hero He is forced by a tyrannic ruler to shoot at an apple, placed on his son s head at a distance of a hundred feet. He succeeds without wounding his son, but in revenge, later kills the tyrant and his country gains independence. This famous play, by Friedrich Schiller, is amazing in beauty of language and dialogs, I would say of Shakespearean quality. I had read it long ago in my young school years but names and the action came quickly back to my mind. A basic must read in Classic German literature. Physical freedom and liberty of the soul are central ideas of Schiller s literature In his very first play The Robbers 1781 , Schiller spoke of the ideas of liberty His famous play Wilhelm Tell, on which Rossini s famous opera is based, was also a tribute to freedom The Romantic influence is apparent in Wilhelm Tell The mountain cannot frighten one who was born on it Indeed, this play was also a tribute to men living close to nature the Romantic ideal of the harmony between nature and mankind Don Carlos, another play by Schiller on the issue of liberty, inspired the great Italian Romantic opera composer Giuseppe Verdi to write one of his greatest operas. Seldom does a play include fewer scenes or lines for the title character, yet Wilhelm Tell is in few scenes and has relatively little to say in this great play, the last completed, by Friedrich Schiller Nature looms as the play begins during a tempest on Lake Lucerne when Tell braves the angry waves to row to safety a peasant who is pursued by the Governor s horsemen The lake may take pity on him but the Governor, never, says Tell And yes, there is the famous scene where Tell refuses to bow to the hat , the symbol of repressive Habsburg power, and is in turn forced to shoot the apple off his son s head And there is the ultimate act which makes him a patriotic hero when he kills the Governor Gessler, the imperial representative hated by Tell s fellow countrymen and women Beyond that the scenes in this play demonstrate the importance of those countrymen and their closeness to the land and traditions of their forefathers This is a powerful romantic drama about the desire for freedom, but it is also an Arcadian idyll that presents the best of nature It seems almost Rousseauian in the opening scenes that are set in a seeming state of nature Eden like as the country may be it is also beset by tyranny from the dreaded imperial Hapsburg empire We see the attraction this life has for Ulrich von Rudenz, the nephew of Baron von Attinghausen While Attinghausen is a patriot his nephew is attracted to the other side and is brought back to support his countrymen only through the intervention of his love for young Berta The importance of Berta and Lady Gertrud in their influence over the men closest to them is worth noting Schiller s play, the culmination of his dramatic art, is a joy to read Over the years it, along with other plays by Schiller, has found its way to the operatic stage, in this case through the pen of Rossini, while Verdi was attracted to other of Schiller s works While the large cast and number of different scenic locations make this a difficult work to stage I could not help thinking that we are overdue for a cinematic traversal of this tremendous literary resource. Many people have heard of Wilhelm Tell, and the shooting of an apple off of a head I had not really heard the full story of Schiller s play It seems odd that so few lines would be included for the title character, but this is not a play about Wilhelm Tell He is an obscure Swiss hunter, who lives under the government of the tyrant Gessler Gessler fills the jails with the peasantry, and his abuse finally spills over into rebellion Tell does not seem to seek a lead role, rather promising support when needed Tell The man of courage thinks not of himself Help the oppressed and put thy trust in God 11 On a visit to his father in law, he is captured and then pressed by the governor to display his hunting prowess by shooting the apple off his son s head He is successful, but then makes a threat to Gessler This line spoken by Furst is not written in the moment, but seems to apply here, Oh how can we, scarce mastering our passions, expect that youth should keep itself in check 26 I will not give away the rest of the play, but suffice it to say that Gessler s abuse is rebuffed finally by Tell as he defends his family His defense as an individual against tyranny sets off the larger rebellion. Quite the Romantic play, there are great philosophic lines In closing, I ll note a few below I really enjoyed the quality of the drama and the Schiller s writing throughout This is a play that I hope I get to see performed someday. Attinghausen Such greater wisdomAnd so much clearer vision do you claimThan all your noble forebears who did fightAs heroes, risking allthey owned for freedom Get you to Luzern and study thereHow cantons live beneath the Austrians rule. They ll come, I warrant you, to count our flocks,Our herds, and measure all our grazing lands They ll claim the ownership of all the creaturesWhich make their habitation in our forests At every bridge and gate they ll set toll bar. Our penury will pay for lands they buy,Our blood for all the wars they choose to wage. If blood of ours be wagered on a ventureThe venture must be ours and slaveryCosts than freedom 41 Rudolf Der Harras So it has reached this pass Obedience and fear take flight together 120 The Brothers With swift approach death comes to man,To him is never respite given Or e er he s counted half his spanFrom toil and pleasure he is driven. Prepared or not his God to meet,He s called before the judgement seat 120 Suggested further reading Book Details Schiller, Friedrich von Tr William Mainland Wilhelm Tell Chicago The University of Chicago Press, 1972 154 Pages. Passages Tell The man of courage thinks not of himself Help the oppressed and put thy trust in God 11 Furst Oh how can we, scarce mastering our passions, expect that youth should keep itself in check 26 Attinghausen Such greater wisdomAnd so much clearer vision do you claimThan all your noble forebears who did fightAs heroes, risking allthey owned for freedom Get you to Luzern and study thereHow cantons live beneath the Austrians rule. They ll come, I warrant you, to count our flocks,Our herds, and measure all our grazing lands They ll claim the ownership of all the creaturesWhich make their habitation in our forests At every bridge and gate they ll set toll bar. Our penury will pay for lands they buy,Our blood for all the wars they choose to wage. If blood of ours be wagered on a ventureThe venture must be ours and slaveryCosts than freedom 41 Rudolf Der Harras So it has reached this pass Obedience and fear take flight together 120 The Brothers With swift approach death comes to man,To him is never respite given Or e er he s counted half his spanFrom toil and pleasure he is driven. Prepared or not his God to meet,He s called before the judgment seat 120 I was really interested in this drama, because 1 I promised myself to read dramas, and I found this one in our collection, 2 I ve always been intrigued by the whole William Tell legend, because it is a main part of our national deck cards in Hungary, but I knew little about it only the apple scene I really liked this drama What I liked most is that it was just not a mere historical tableaux costume drama only showing the great deeds and happenings, but it was also really lyrical, dramatic and poetic, and how Schiller could tell us a lot about human nature and emotions how people having absolute power and control on people, drunk on power, behave and what they do to break people to discourage them from rebellion, how some people break important bonds because of promises and romantic attraction, how some traumas induce poisonous thoughts in people, how real achievement in a community s life could only achieved by co operation and joint efforts. The special slipcover 1952 edition release from Heritage Press includes a four page newsletter issued for the members of the Heritage Club Based around the true events of the rebellion in Switzerland against Austria in 1291, William Tell is a translation of Johann Christoph Friedrich Von Schiller s original play Wilhelm Tell, which was the basis for Rossini s opera, which is still a popular performance in Germany and Switzerland The book has an introductory essay to familiarize readers with the events as they coincide with the various acts of the play It also has an appendix with annotations of certain words and phrases related to the play that help those unfamiliar with Switzerland s history or land It s quite handy. Written in Stage Play format, the story is that of several men from the three cantons states that existed in Switzerland at the time, whose freedom was being taken and the country was dominated and overrun by Austria The primary antagonist is Hermann Gessler, Governor of Schwytz and Uri two of the cantons He s very similar to the infamous Sheriff of Nottingham in the Robin Hood tales Perhaps Gessler and Tell stories are related, to a degree, despite being in a different part of Europe. Gessler is so full of himself, and demanding obedience of the rebellious Switzers, he demands they even bow down to a cap, representing Austrian rule, sitting upon a post in the middle of the primary roadway Guards are stationed at the post and ordered to arrest anyone passing the cap and refusing to bow down to it William Tell happens to be going through town with one of his son s, Walter, to visit his father in law He is unaware of the absurd law He is arrested as Gessler happens to be riding through town Gessler is actually in debt to Tell and unhappy about the fact He decides to test Tell s renowned talent with his crossbow, forcing him to shoot an apple of Walter s head at nearly 100 yards If he refuses, they both die If he shoots and misses, William dies If he shoots and hits Walter, they both die Not much of a choice Walter refuses to be tied to a tree so he won t move, and he refuses a blindfold, having faith in his father s ability which he brags about Tell, shaking and nervous, fires the crossbow bolt, hitting his target True to form, the evil governor arrests Tell anyway. The rebels are saddened and plot revenge They had already met to decide on how and when to revolt Tell is doomed for the dungeons or must figure out a way to escape during a perilous journey The five act play has quite a bit of drama It s easy to see why this was a popular opera and play, and such an important part of Switzerland s history. The title page gives illustration credit to Charles Hug, but the newsletter from the Heritage Club credits Rafaello Busoni Whoever did the illustrations did a very nice job as several full page images fill the book.
Although Friedrich Schiller s Wilhelm Tell is truly and certainly one of my all time favourite plays, period, and while I have indeed read and reread this masterpiece of German Classicism religiously and repeatedly since I first had to peruse Wilhelm Tell in 1986 for a fourth year undergraduate German literature course on both Goethe and Schiller that I somehow was at least partially manipulated into taking during my second year , I have actually and unfortunately never had the chance to see it performed, to see the play staged and although I do very much hope this sorry scenario will change, I kind of doubt that Wilhelm Tell will ever be staged in Canada and if by chance, in German, and I do not really want to consider viewing the play in English or in French translation, at least not for a first time attendance, as going to an English or a French language performance of Wilhelm Tell would at least for me personally totally defeat the purpose Aside from having absolutely loved reading Wilhelm Tell as a literary drama, but never having had the chance to see it staged, I also tend to often forget that historically, it was actually Schiller s wife Charlotte who already in 1789 the play was completed in 1804, less than two years before Schiller s death from tuberculosis at the relatively young age of 45 made her future husband aware of the Tell legend as well as his good friend Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, who during his own travels to Switzerland not only researched Wilhelm Tell, but had also at one time seriously considered Wilhelm Tell for a possible literary work before deciding against this and handing the information and research he had amassed over to Friedrich Schiller And therefore, while Friedrich Schiller is definitely and in all ways to be considered the sole author of Wilhelm Tell, it must and should be noted that the genesis of the latter, that the production and development of Wilhelm Tell does indeed owe much to Schiller s wife s Lotte s enthusiastic encouragement and his friend Goethe s Swiss travels and research for Friedrich Schiller himself actually never did visit, never did manage to travel to Switzerland With regard to the play itself, for me personally, what I have always found both most enjoyable and really even essential with regard to Wilhelm Tell is the cheering fact that unlike other dramatic works of German Classicism and even a number of Schiller s own offerings , Wilhelm Tell in particular is presented in a generally reasonably approachable, comparatively easy to understand manner, both not too difficult to read and also therefore not too difficult to watch performed never simplistic, never trivial, but fathomable for a lay person, for someone who does not necessarily need to have advanced degrees in literature and philosophy to enjoy and appreciate settings, dialogues, monologues, descriptions etc For basically, the main themes of Wilhelm Tell, the both individual and collective historical struggles of the Swiss against Habsburg, against their often cruel and ruthlessly arbitrary Austrian overlords is shown clearly, concisely, and even with a sense of adventure and thrillingness kind of like watching a movie or at least, I have always been able to visualise Wilhelm Tell as a movie, as a running adventuresome script, when I read, when I peruse the play Now especially in German Classicism, most dramas need to present a clearly delineated turning point, and Schiller s Wilhelm Tell is no exception here During the first scenes of the play, while the main protagonist, while Wilhelm Tell is indeed portrayed as being much sympathetic to his fellow countrymen s concerns about and struggles against the Habsburg Empire, he does tend to keep himself rather aloof and apart, he is intuitive, nature bound and does not want to embrace politics, political struggle, or entertain thoughts of rebellion which of course then changes after the arrow incident, as Tell must realise that he can no longer remain neutral and is thus also no longer unwilling to actively strive against the oppressors, no longer unwilling to stalk and personally assassinate the nastily tyrannical Gessler And finally, with regard to the famous apple arrow scene, in my humble opinion, it is actually first and foremost Gessler s broken promise to Tell that he would not face arrest or execution if he if Tell truthfully gives the reason why there were two arrows placed in his quiver which finally and firmly cement not only Tell s desire to kill Gessler, but also convinces him to fully and wholly join the rebels against the Habsburgs namely that if Tell had missed and had injured or killed his son Walter whilst trying to shoot that apple from his head, the next arrow would have been for Gessler himself For if one looks at the entire apple shot scene realistically, if Wilhelm Tell had been an active and yes dedicated adversary against Gessler, against the Austrian overlords right from the start, he would or at least he should not have actually bowed down and done what was being demanded of him by Gessler, he would not have shot the apple from his son s head, he would instead have immediately used his bow and arrows to kill Gessler, to punish with death his tyranny and his outrageously hateful demands Yes, at the end of Wilhelm Tell, Gessler has been assassinated and the main character, Wilhelm Tell has one hundred percent now joined the rebels, but it has taken an attack on himself and his family, as well as Gessler s broken promises that truth loving and honest Tell was arrested to be executed even after Gessler had specifically promised that he could speak without fear of the latter for Wilhelm to finally realise that Gessler is indeed an evil monster who needs to be gotten rid of and that the struggles of the Swiss against the Habsburgs are both just and necessary, that his support, Tell s expertise, his marksmanship are not only appreciated, but desperately needed. After Die R uber I felt a sense of Schiller s play as returning to and experimenting with ideals of political legitimacy and establishing new societies unsurprising concerns for a writer at the end of the Ancien Regime era, in Wallenstein the traditional authority of the Emperor trumps the personal loyalty of the army to it s General and paymaster, while the robbers mutual loyalty and commitment to raising crime levels everywhere proves undesirable and unsustainable, only in Tell does a society founded on a mutual oath prove resilient and in this case the oath takers effectively are the inheritors of the traditional feudal authority of their lord The new society must be grafted on to the old root stock in order to flourish, or as somebody else was to put it referring to a different place everything has to change to stay the same. The staging requirements for this play, compared with others by Schiller are ambitious, mountains, stormy lakes, horses, live archery, either his theatre was well equipped or the master disposed to gives its poor director a headache Killing a tyrannous overlord is permissible but not parricide, everybody gets to look down on the father killer A significant statement in an age when the monarch might be seen figuratively as the father of his people, and his governors therefore as acting in loco parentis No, says Schiller, these are different relationships, you can kill your king, but not your father a revolution.
Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller November 10, 1759 May 9, 1805 was a German poet, philosopher, historian, and dramatist During the last few years of his life 1788 1805 , Schiller struck up a productive, if complicated, friendship with already famous and influential Johann Wolfgang Goethe, with whom he greatly discussed issues concerning aesthetics, encouraging Goethe to finish works