Trailer Â Il Decamerone PDF by Â Giovanni Boccaccio adbam.co.uk
Trailer Â Il Decamerone PDF by Â Giovanni Boccaccio Nothing is so indecent that it cannot be said to another person if the proper words are used to convey itGiovanni Boccaccio, The DecameronLike The Canterbury Tales, The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman, The Arabian Nights Tales from a Thousand and One Nights, etc. , The Decameron is an early masterpiece of literature It is one of those books I avoided because I thought it would be stilted and boring Hells NASTY Bells was I wrong Boccaccio is funny, flippant, irreverent, libidinous, provocative, inspiring, insulting, crazy and always always entertaining 100 stories told during the the summer of 1348 as the Black Death is ravaging Florence and Europe Ten aristocratic youths take to the country to escape the death, stink and bodies of the City and to hang out and amuse themselves on stories of love and adventure and sex and trickery Bad priests, evil princes, saints, sinners, and various twists and turns paints a detailed picture of Italy from over 660 years ago that seems just as modern and funky as today Things have certainly changed, but lords and ladies it is incredible just how many things have stayed the same. The Decameron C Is An Entertaining Series Of One Hundred Stories Written In The Wake Of The Black Death The Stories Are Told In A Country Villa Outside The City Of Florence By Ten Young Noble Men And Women Who Are Seeking To Escape The Ravages Of The Plague Boccaccio S Skill As A Dramatist Is Masterfully Displayed In These Vivid Portraits Of People From All Stations In Life, With Plots That Revel In A Bewildering Variety Of Human ReactionsTranslated With An Introduction And Notes By G H McWilliam The Decameron is a set of one hundred stories told to each other by a group of ten people, seven women and three men, over ten days All these stories exist within one story which is about this group of people who come together in Florence during an outbreak of the plague and how they react to it which is by going off into the surrounding countryside and recreating a kind of temporary Eden outside the ravages of the times Beyond that there are the author s intentions and his defence of his work, which are a further frame to the whole work Boccaccio sees stories as a form of education in this case to teach his reader, which he largely assumed to be women since references to potential male readers are rare, about love Love is a vague word in English, you can love to have tea with your chips, you might love your dog, or the colour yellow on a bedroom door None of those feature in the Decameron, love here is of the sexual or occasionally of the romantic kind. The new society of the ten people is based on affinity and trust They live in common, although apparently using the estates of other people, and they benefit from the labour of servants so this is socially exclusive, unlike The Canterbury Tales in which people come from a mix of social backgrounds The new society is time bound and intended from the first, like reading itself, to be a temporary respite from events They have a monarch to rule each day, but each of the ten in turn gets one day to rule One of the advantages of taking part in a group read like our one of the Decameron is benefiting from the contributions that all the other readers make ReemK10 pointed out that that there is a wealth of meaning in the character names and in the complex of numbers three men and seven women, the importance of ten and so on but as a reader all of that largely passed me over The only character who really stood out for me was Dioneo, and not because he was Dionysian but because he got to tell the last story of everyday This at last was a reference point everything else was in flux for me I felt at one moment that Panfilo was an author stand in, but that moment passed and life returned to normal In other words the Decameron has intricate foundations but they don t interfere with the appearance of the building For the reader there are simply one hundred stories, divided into ten days set in a framing narrative with some linking text The stories give an impression of the world view of leisured middle to upper class urban people socially below the nobility but of high enough status and wealth to be able to look down on people who are overly concerned with business of mid fourteenth century north Italy The geographical scope ranges over the entire Mediterranean, with a couple of stories set in France and England England is as exotic here as Saladin, a fantasy destination where dreams can become true there are no stories set in China or other far eastern locations despite The Travels of Marco Polo The Merchant of Prato gives an idea of just how natural and everyday that geographical scope was to those involved in commerce in Italy at that time The stories are set throughout history, some in antiquity, others in the recent past, many are roughly contemporary to Boccaccio s time Boccaccio may not have invented any of the stories Many are recognisable retellings, and some will in turn be retold by Chaucer in The Canterbury Tales, others like the horrible Griselda story seem to have been widely known at the time and pop up in a variety of sources as a role model for a good woman see for instance Le Menagier de Paris. In The Canterbury Tales Chaucer reuses and adapts a few stories from Decameron and takes Boccaccio s idea of a framing narrative however he makes an important change Chaucer s storytellers cover a fairly broad social spectrum view spoiler albeit with a southern English bias hide spoiler El Decameron de Giovanni Boccaccio es uno de esos libros que pueden incluirse dentro de una tr ada junto a Los cuentos de Canterbury de Geoffrey Chaucey, y el Canzoniere de Francesco Petrarca, verdaderos s mbolos de la literatura medieval. En realidad, el Decameron es un libro que se ubica entre la edad medieval y el Renacimiento y es el fiel reflejo del pensamiento europeo del siglo XIV. Boccaccio, digno sucesor de Dante Alighieri y disc pulo de Petrarca logr reconocimiento y fama eterna a partir de la publicaci n de este libro que tambi n gener ciertas pol micas por el subido tono de muchos de sus cuentos. Un punto importante a tener en cuenta es que el libro se ubica hist ricamente durante la poca en que la peste negra o bub nica por la naturaleza de c mo se manifestaba en los enfermos devast parte de Asia, Africa y Europa entre 1348 y 1351 Algunos historiadores llegaron a estimar que su avance de la peste negra ceg la vida de veinticinco millones de personas Bocaccio escribe el Decameron entre 1351 y 1353. El libro en s narra brevemente la historia de siete doncellas Pampinea, Filomena, Neifile, Fiammetta, Elisa, Lauretta y Emilia y tres mancebos Dioneo, Fil strato y P nfilo quienes, escapando de la peste se establecen en un castillo en un campo de las afueras de Florencia y a partir de all deciden que contar cuentos durante diez d as para despejarse y entretenerse hasta que la peste vaya desapareciendo Cada uno a su turno es proclamado rey y este indica el tema o t pico a utilizarse en la narraci n de los cuentos. Lo m s fuerte del libro es precisamente el proemio de Boccaccio puesto que describe con lujo de detalles y en forma muy cruda los efectos de la peste negra en Italia y cu les son los efectos de esta en los habitantes El grado descriptivo es realmente escalofriante e incre blemente, parece mentira que semejante inicio cambie radicalmente a partir de los alegres cuentos de estos j venes florentinos. La estructura del libro es clara Posee el proemio escrito por el autor seguido de diez jornadas de cuentos una por d a de diez cuentos cada una, lo que da un total de cien relatos que el autor describe comocien cuentos, f bulas, par bolas e historias o como quieran llamarlas y es correcta esta aclaraci n puesto que el lector pasa de simples cuentos anecd ticos a mini novelas que involucran historias m s complejas. La tem tica utilizada en las diez jornadas del Decameron es la siguiente Jornada primera Cada cual habla de lo que m s le agrada. Jornada segunda Se habla de aquellas personas que, abrumadas por diversos infortunios, consiguen llegar a dichoso t rmino. Jornada tercera dedicada a quienes con gracia e inteligencia lograron alguna cosa largamente deseada, o recobraron lo que hab an perdido. Jornada cuarta historias de amor con final desgraciado. Jornada quinta historias de amor con final feliz. Jornada sexta sobre aquellos que se defendieron con alguna respuesta aguda, evitaron da os y afrentas e hicieron callar a los necios. Jornada s ptima burlas que por amor o por miedo, hacen las mujeres a sus maridos, con o sin el conocimiento de ellos. Jornada octava burlas que con frecuencia se hacen hombres y mujeres entre s. Jornada novena tema libre. Jornada d cima grandes haza as. Dentro de las distintas tem ticas propuestas por los distintos reyes de turno, s lo Dioneo es el que est libre de sujetarse a un t pico en especial, por lo que sus historias siempre son las m s atractivas El libro produjo mucho revuelo en su poca consideremos que fue le do por primera vez en 1353 por el alto tono de contenido sexual de muchos relatos, que giran en su gran mayor a en el adulterio, las infidelidades y la corrupci n carnal de personas dentro del mbito eclesi stico monjas, frailes y bates y en otros aspectos hay que resaltar ciertos aspectos extremadamente machistas o mis ginos que ser an totalmente repelidos hoy en d a en el que el la sociedad y especialmente las mujeres de hoy no admite bajo ning n concepto y con justa raz n algunas de las discriminaciones expuestas en ciertas historias. El libro fue prohibido durante la Inquisici n y todos aquellos lectores que lo tuvieran eran severamente castigados o ejecutados. Una de las historias, que yo defino como la m s fuerte y tal vez chocante de la historia en la que una ni a de 14 a os es pr cticamente violada repetidas veces bajo el enga o de mandar a guardar al diablo en el infierno por parte de un hombre que no tiene ning n escr pulo en abusar de ella Creo que el lector sabr interpretar la desacertada frase entre comillas. Muchas veces, los finales de los cuentos intentan transmitirle al lector el hecho de gozar esos placeres descriptos en el argumento del mismo, pero es como que precisamente se ofrece seguir el camino del adulterio o la infidelidad, algo que demuestra cierta displicencia de Bocaccio principalmente en la mujer a la que considera bajo el control total del hombre en todos sus aspectos, m s all de considerarla un ser fr gil, d bil, etc. , etc. Creo que esa es la nica caracter stica que no comparto para nada del libro Tal vez pueda aceptarse que es el tipo de pensamiento del hombre medieval y que uno como lector en el siglo XXI sabr claramente reconocer, pero en algunos cuentos resulta un tanto chocante e innecesario. De todos modos, el tenor de much simos otros cuentos es realmente divertido, distendido y en algunos casos, el de las par bolas edificantes para los personajes ofician a modo de redenci n luego de las penurias sufridas. En el ep logo Boccaccio reconoce que fue atacado por los aspectos que ya coment , pero en cierta manera se desliga del tema record ndole al lector que puede hacer uso de su libre albedr o y de no leer el Decameron en caso de que ste hiera sus susceptibilidades. M s all de lo expuesto, creo que el Decameron es uno de los libros fundacionales de la literatura, porque posicion a Boccaccio en el altar de los m s grandes escritores que dio Italia y la literatura mundial, trono que comparte con grandes como Dante Alighieri, Cervantes o Shakespeare, s lo por nombrar algunos de los m s insignes. Amazing. I m utterly flabbergasted by how good this is Forty years before The Canterbury Tales took England by storm, a little tiny place called Italy was having a full blown RENAISSANCE So why the hell have I been avoiding all these fantastic pieces of art, anyway Because they re in Italian For SHAME Fortunately, this translation is fantastic and you know what It really holds up It has everything a public who wants to be entertained could ever desire A hundred short stories framed by nobles hiding out while the Black Plague ravages Europe, eating, frolicking, and telling stories every night for ten nights Do you think a quarantine is a recipe for depression and disaster Muahahahahaha NO Let s just put it this way there s sex, laughter, trickery, sex, adultery, sex, theft, cons, sex, and hilarious situations in these stories than you d find in the entire works of Shakespeare And let s put this in perspective Chaucer and Shakespeare stole a TON of s t from Boccaccio All of it funny and light and clever and wickedly perverse. I always knew that literature, in general, is an incestuous lot, but between these many classic tales of spouses pulling fast ones on each other or selfless tales of true love or steadfastness or tales of corruption, greed, and confidence games, I m tempted to just throw in the hat and say this guy has it ALL. I know it ain t true I ve read enough Italians from than a millennia prior to put paid to that idea But STILL This is entertaining as hell And I thought Chaucer was a RIOT, too. It just goes to show never judge a book by its cover You might be losing out on some GREAT comedy. Permit me to offer another roar of support for reading The Decameron A divine mathematical structure ten parts of ten chapters with ten characters told over ten days props up this rollicking ride of classic storytelling A modern translation this ed from J. G Nichols renders the original in all its libidinous, virtuous mischief, making each page a rapturous pleasure to turn This book needs no further endorsement from me Make arrangements to read The Decameron before your fatal heart attack.
The Decameron is obviously a hugely influential piece of literature actually, it s just plain huge , so it s no wonder I d get around to it eventually I m not a huge fan of Chaucer, really, but I did recognise a couple of the source texts he used in this, and I imagine that the choice of frame narrative for the Canterbury Tales might ve been suggested to Chaucer by The Decameron Certainly The Decameron was an influence, anyway. The Decameron also inspired a song by one of my favourite singers, Heather Dale, Up Into The Pear Tree , about Pyrrhus and Lydia and their trick on Lydia s husband It s a lovely song, playful and quite in keeping with the tone of The Decameron. Despite its length, The Decameron is very easy to read It s a collection of a hundred short stories or perhaps a hundred and one, if you count the frame story split into ten days with the conceit that a group of ten young men and women meet outside Florence during the plague years, and to entertain themselves, they elect a king or queen from their number each day, who dictates a theme for the stories that they tell The stories are quite similar at times, when they revolve around a specific theme, but overall there s a lot of different stories, often funny, and often to do with sex You get the impression that no women in medieval Italy with the exception of Griselda and Zinevra were ever faithful to their husbands Being a medieval work, it s unsurprisingly not terribly good about subjects like rape or feminine strength Sometimes it praises women to the skies and at other times blames them for what isn t their fault, or what certainly isn t a fault in all women Still, it didn t make me uncomfortable most of the time, and there are plenty of clever and strong women in the tales as well. The Penguin translation, by G. H McWilliam, is extremely good, in the sense of always being very readable and entertaining, rather than dry, and this edition comes with a wealth of notes on context and on each specific story There are maps and an index, too Even if you re not reading this for study, it s worth getting perhaps especially so, because it explains things clearly no matter what your level of expertise on the subject. After a couple of years, two attempts and two different editions, I have finally finished this book The first great literary accomplishment of 2016. All I can say is that the history of humanity lies on every page of this book Virtues and defects that have illuminated and darkened human existence were eloquently expressed by Boccaccio s brilliant pen that concocted, with mastery and otherworldly wit, one hundred tales told by seven young ladies and three young men who, to contextualize this fine collection, fled the magnificent city of Florence a place I adore and with which I have a bond that goes beyond the origin of my name and ancestry , trying to escape from the Black Death These stories are mostly about the connections between intelligence and fortune and how the sort of picaresque characters manage to achieve success Often involving eroticism Boccaccio must have been the E. L James of his time but, you know, with writing skills , these tales accentuate the distance from medieval ideals, focusing on the actual human being. Anyway, I started reading this collection in 2013 and failed miserably Statistics06 25 2013 marked as currently reading09 22 2013 page 590 64. 0%01 02 2014 marked as will i ever finish it12 10 2015 marked as started reading from page 1, clandestinely12 20 2015 marked as currently reading, officially02 13 2016 marked as finishedBut, as you see, this year I made it It ended up being a rather special read for me, since I happen to have a photo of a loyal companion sitting by my side, a devoted witness of my struggle with his beautiful amber eyes on me, which I can only visualize now view spoiler Hey, he s not dead He s just not with me any hide spoiler In the 14th century in Europe, during the devastating times of the Black Death, a group of young Florentines seven women and three men decide to flee to seek shelter and escape from the plague in a villa outside of the city of Florence This is the basic frame used by Italian author Giovanni Boccaccio to tell us one hundred tales of life, love and fortune with The Decameron. After leaving the city, in order to pass the time, an idea of telling stories is brought up and each one of the young group Pampinea, Fiammetta, Filomena, Emilia, Lauretta, Neifile, Elissa, Panfilo, Filostrato and Dioneo must tell one story per day Starting on the second day, Filomena, who was appointed as the queen of the day they all took turns into being the queen or king decided that the stories to be told in each day should all pertain to a theme previously chosen by the one in charge The only exception to that rule is Dioneo, who asked to have the privilege to be the last one to tell his tale each day and to be freed of the requirement of complying to the day s theme It s been argued that Dioneo served as a way for Boccaccio to express his own views through his stories. I had a lot of pleasant days in the company of the young Florentines, such as the eighth day, where Lauretta chose as a theme stories of tricks women play on men or that men play on women which, of course, is packed with hilarious stories and clever stratagems or the last day, when Panfilo asked that tales about deeds of generosity be told I wonder if Boccaccio intended to leave a hopeful message to his readers after many cases of betrayals and misfortunes. But two days were enjoyable than others THIRD DAYAs the queen of the day, Neifile ruled that stories where a person has painfully acquired something or has lost it and then regained it should be told for everyone s amusement In that day, Panfilo narrates a very funny tale the fourth one of Dom Felice who, desiring to spend some quality time with Friar Puccio s wife, tells her husband that he should do a penance to gain blessedness Let s just say that Dom Felice should do a lot of penance after that taleOther two stories from that early day remained as some of my favorites FIRST TALEFilostrato tells the story of Masetto da Lamporecchio, a young and handsome man who, deciding to pass as being mute, finds work in a convent of women as a gardener after hearing the old one is no longer there While working, he is noticed by two of the nuns who, curious to find out what s the sensation of being with a man, decide to lie with him As word spreads out, Masetto finds himself working very long extra hoursAlack rejoined the other, what is this thou sayest Knowest thou not that we have promised our virginity to God Oh, as for that, answered the first, how many things are promised Him all day long, whereof not one is fulfilled unto Him An we have promised it Him, let Him find Himself another or others to perform it to HimBoccaccio once again writes an humorous tale packed with religious satire and catholic church criticism Even the abbess, from whom you d expect better discernment and leadership towards what s rightful, can t help but to share of Masetto s services. TENTH TALEDioneo tells the tale of a beautiful and young girl named Alibech who, not being religious but hearing many Christians talking about faith and serving God, wished to find out what it was all about After hearing their response and wandering into the desert in an attempt to become closer to God, she finally meets a monk named Rustico that, tempted by her looks, decided to teach her how to put the devil back into hellWhereupon Rustico, seeing her so fair, felt an accession of desire, and therewith came an insurgence of the flesh, which Alibech marking with surprise, said Rustico, what is this, which I see thee have, that so protrudes, and which I have not Oh my daughter, said Rustico, tis the Devil of whom I have told thee and, seest thou he is now tormenting me most grievously, insomuch that I am scarce able to hold outThis tale was so graphic that in John Payne s translation of The Decameron he decided to include Boccaccio s original words instead of translating them, stating that it was impossible to render the technicalities of that mysterious art into tolerable English FOURTH DAYOn the fourth day, Filostrato, who was appointed re del giorno, demanded his friends to tell stories of lovers whose relationship ended in disaster Fiammetta narrates the first tale of the day, telling the story of Tancredi who, after slaying his daughter Ghismonda s lover, sends her his heart in a golden cup She, then, decides to fill the cup with poison, drinks it and dies. Among other tragic stories, my favorite is the one that follows FIFTH TALEFilomena tells the sad story of Lisabetta who has her lover Lorenzo murdered by her brothers In a dream, he tells her where they buried his body and she decides to take his head and to set it in a pot of basil, whereon she daily weeps a great whilenor did she ever water these with other water than that of her tears or rose or orange flower waterBoccaccio s language and wit in writing here is similar to Cervantes in Don Quixote, as he was able to write about violence, sex or even scatological humor, for example, successfully turning those themes into very light reads, making the episodes funny and enjoyable without shocking his readers Not that he seemed to be in any way afraid of being offensive and raising some eyebrows his tales about clergyman being deceitful or hypocrites , to borrow one of the adjectives he employed in one of the narratives or nuns having sex seem to be a direct criticism and a mockery to their status as holy people. One of the aspects that really amused me was the role of women in his work Boccaccio directly spoke to the gracious ladies with the words below in the first day, defining them as the main audience to his bookAs often, most gracious ladies, as, taking thought in myself, I mind me how very pitiful you are all by nature, so often do I recognize that this present work will, to your thinking, have a grievous and a weariful beginning, inasmuch as the dolorous remembrance of the late pestiferous mortality, which it beareth on its forefront, is universally irksome to all who saw or otherwise knew itOn the fourth day, once again, he addressed the ladies by writing about having been criticized for liking the ladies too much and thinking solely of pleasuring them with his talesThere are then, discreet ladies, some who, reading these stories, have said that you please me overmuch and that it is not a seemly thing that I should take so much delight in pleasuring and solacing you and some have said yet worse of commending you as I doSetting the discussion aside of why he would include that odd defense it seems he was being defensive without having been actually attacked on Decamerone, I was amazed by the extensive portraits Boccaccio painted of women they were cunning, sad, some were cheaters, others were passionate, subjugated and the roles go on For living in a time where men loved and idolized, and described women as being the most beautiful things to have ever walked on the earth women so much, constantly elevating them to goddesses status, it seems that Boccaccio masterfully wrote an array of human like characters with great range of emotions. Film adaptation there s been many adaptations, but I ve only watched one 1971 s Il Decameron by Italian director Pier Paolo Pasolini Who would be better than the ever so controversial filmmaker to add extra layers of mockery, satire and erotica to Boccaccio s already teasing tales The director nicely connected nine of the stories through the fifth tale of the sixth day where Pasolini played the painter Giotto This film is in no way necessary to complement the book, but it was a great one hour and a half of pure fun Rating Boccaccio s work proved to be a fine companion as I often read his stories on my commute to work and found myself giggling all the time I can see myself re reading some tales from time to time, like you would with a daily reflections book For that, 4 stars.
Giovanni Boccaccio 1313 21 December 1375 was an Italian author and poet, a friend and correspondent of Petrarch, and an important Renaissance humanist in his own right and author of a number of notable works including the Decameron, On Famous Women, and his poetry in the Italian vernacular Boccaccio is particularly notable for his dialogue, of which it has been said that it surpasses in veris